When compared to buffalo milk, cow’s milk is lighter as it has less fat content while it is quite rich in minerals and protein and is considered more satvik than buffalo’s milk.
Cow milk is described as Amrit by the ancient scriptures of Indian Mythology
“Amritam Vai gvam khriramityah tridshadhip ,
tasmad dadatim yo dhenumamatrim sa Praychhti”.
This Shloka of Mahabharatha means:
“Cow’s milk is Amrita .This has been stated by Indra, the king of gods. Therefore if one donates a cow, he donates Amrita”.
Rig Veda (1-71-9) also states
“Goshu Priyamamritam rakshmana”
‘Cow milk is Amrita. It protects us (from disease). Hence protect the cows.
Rishi Charak has described following ten qualities of cow’s milk in his “charak Shastra”
“Swadu, shitam, mridu, snigdham, shalakshanpichhlam;
Guru, mand, prasanna cha gavyam dashaguna paya”
(Charak sutradhan 27-214)
This means Cow’s milk is sweet (Swadu), cold (Shitam), smooth and soft (Mrudu, Shlakshna ), is dense (Guru, Bahala), contains fat (snigdha), but light (Picchila, manda), easily digestible, and not easily spoiled. It gives us tranquillity and cheerfulness (Prasanna).
Because of the above properties, cow’s milk helps us build up vitality (OJA).
‘Khyeeryojaskara punsam’ –
Milk increases vitality or Oja in man.
As per modern science Cow milk contains A2 types casein milk protein as compare to a1 type protein which is considered harmful.